I have been asked many times to explain the difference between Psychologists, Psychiatrists, and Psychotherapists. Hopefully, this blog post will provide a helpful answer!
What is a Psychologist?
There are different types of Psychologists, but for this post I will be referring to Clinical Psychologists who provide psychotherapy and psychological assessments in Ontario. According to the Canadian Psychological Association,
"A practicing psychologist is trained to assess and diagnose problems in thinking, feeling and behaviour as well to help people overcome or manage these problems. A psychologist is uniquely trained to use psychological tests to help with assessment and diagnosis. Psychologists help people to overcome or manage their problems using a variety of treatments or psychotherapies". (Canadian Psychological Association. What is a Psychologist? Retrieved from https://cpa.ca/public/whatisapsychologist/.)
*A Registered Clinical Psychologist in Ontario, in most cases will have completed the following:
What is a Psychiatrist?
The Canadian Psychiatric Association states, Psychiatrists are physicians who,
"enhance the person’s quality of life by providing psychiatric assessment, treatment and rehabilitation care to people with psychiatric disorders in order to prevent, reduce and eliminate the symptoms and subsequent disabilities resulting from mental illness or disorder…Psychiatrists use a mix of treatment options, including medications and psychotherapy, depending on the psychiatric conditions". (Canadian Psychiatric Association. What Does a Psychiatrist Do? Retrieved from https://www.cpa-apc.org/faqs/.)
A Registered Psychiatrist in Ontario, in most cases will have completed the following:
What is a Psychotherapist?
According to the College of Psychotherapists of Ontario,
"Registered Psychotherapists will be competent to use a treatment approach or modality that is part of one or more of the categories of prescribed therapies… Registered Psychotherapists are authorized to perform the controlled act of psychotherapy". (College of Psychotherapists of Ontario. What is Psychotherapy? Retrieved from https://www.crpo.ca/what-is-psychotherapy/.)
A Registered Psychotherapist in Ontario, in most cases will have completed the following:
For further reading:
Psychotherapist vs. psychologist vs. psychiatrist: which one should you choose?
Psychology vs. Psychiatry: Do You Know the Difference?
Differences between psychology, psychiatry and psychotherapy
What is a Psychologist?
*Please note that some Psychologists have M.A. degrees from other provinces and Psychological Associates can also provide psychotherapy and psychological assessments in Ontario. There are other practitioners who may provide psychotherapy besides Psychologists, Psychiatrists, and Psychotherapists in Ontario.
Dr. Candice Bovell, Ph.D., C.Psych. is a Clinical Psychologist who treats adults with depression, anxiety, and stress online in Ontario, Canada.
Candice Bovell, Ph.D., C.Psych.
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